These fungi live on all surfaces of our bodies and only occasionally cause infection.
The Causes and Symptoms of a Male Yeast Infection
Various types of Candida yeast infections are possible, including the following:. An overgrowth of the fungus Candida is the cause of yeast infections. Usually, the skin effectively blocks yeast, but any skin breakdown or cuts in the skin may allow this organism to penetrate and infect. Areas typically affected by the fungus in babies include the mouth and diaper areas. Moist diapers can lead to an overgrowth of yeast. In adults, oral yeast infections become more common with increased age. Adults can also have yeast infections around dentures , in the folds under the breast and lower abdomen, in the nail beds, and beneath other skin folds.
Most of these candidal infections are superficial and clear up easily with treatment. In women, vaginal yeast infections are the second most common reason for vaginal burning, itching, and discharge. Yeasts are found in the vagina of most women and can overgrow if the environment in the vagina changes. Antibiotic and steroid use is the most common reason for yeast overgrowth.
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However, pregnancy , menstruation , diabetes, and birth control pills can also contribute to developing a yeast infection. Yeast infections are more common after menopause. Any person who has their immune system altered by disease for example, HIV infection or other reasons for example, chemotherapy is at higher risk to get a yeast infection.
Ringworm is another type of fungal infection that is different from a yeast infection. Ringworm is caused by a type of fungus called a dermatophyte, and symptoms include rashes or scaly patches that may be ring-shaped.
Ringworm can cause athlete's foot, jock itch, scalp infections, and infections of the nails and in skin folds. Most cases of candidiasis do not have to be treated in the hospital. People with weakened immune systems may have more serious infections and may need to be hospitalized. For healthy people, most physicians can diagnose a candidal infection without laboratory tests. Occasionally, if the infection will not go away or if it involves the entire body, more extensive tests may be performed.
Most candidal infections can be treated at home with over-the-counter or prescription medication and can clear up within a week. If some other disease has weakened a person's immune system, the person should consult a doctor about new symptoms before attempting self-treatment because of the risk of infection. When using a nonprescription vaginal medicine for a vaginal yeast infection, follow the directions on the package insert.
In addition, symptoms and signs may also be eased with some home remedies. Other home remedies touted to treat yeast infection include apple cider vinegar, which may have some antifungal activity against Candida albicans. A study in the Thi-Qar Medical Journal compared apple cider vinegar to fluconazole, an antifungal medication, and suggested that apple cider vinegar may be used for antifungal treatments.
Tea tree oil is also a natural disinfectant that may be applied topically to treat skin yeast infections. In some cases, tea tree oil is used to soak a tampon, which is then inserted vaginally to treat a vaginal yeast infection. Use caution with this method as anything inserted into the vagina can cause irritation. Consult your doctor before using any home natural remedy, as they may have unwanted side effects, allergic reactions, or interactions with medications you use.
A wide array of treatment options are available to treat candidiasis. If your partner has one, they could pass it on to you. In severe cases, you may have a hard time peeing or keeping control of your urine stream.
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See your doctor. Your doctor may suggest an over-the-counter antifungal cream or prescribe one to help get rid of the infection. This goes on the head of your penis and under your foreskin until your symptoms go away, which could take 7 to 10 days.
If itching is a problem, your doctor can also give you a corticosteroid steroid cream to offer some relief. He may refer you to a dermatologist skin doctor. This is a serious condition called invasive candidiasis. The odds are higher when you:. A high fever , chills, upset stomach , and headache are all signs that your yeast infection may have spread.
Yeast Infection Quiz: Symptoms & Treatment
If you notice these symptoms, call your doctor right away. The best way to stop a yeast infection from happening or coming back is to practice good hygiene. Clean and dry your penis each time you shower and after sex.
Unscented soaps are best. When your partner has a yeast infection, use a condom during sex.